Modern Art or Modernism?
Some people don’t think of “Modern Art” as fine art because it isn’t realistic in it’s portrayal of human, animal or nature. Modern art is not simply splashing paint from a bucket onto a canvas… it has its own history! Many artistic works produced during the 1860’s to the 1970’s express the style and philosophy of the art and culture during that era. People usually associate the term “modern art” with art where the so-called fine art traditions of the past, such as art of the Renaissance period, were disregarded for the sake of trying out new ways of doing things. Modern artists experimented with fresh ways of seeing and had new ideas about the nature of materials they used and the purpose of art. They were moving away from the traditional arts toward abstraction.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries Modernism arose from wide-scale and far-reaching transformations in Western society It is considered a philosophical movement with cultural trends and changes, and this where artists such as Picasso, Matisse, Mondrian and others came into cultural awareness. Some of the elements that shaped modernism were the development of modern industrial societies in concert with the rapid growth of cities, and then came the devastating horror of World War I.
Along with experimentation with form and techniques, Modernism clearly rejected the concept of realism. Interestingly, Modernism rejected the certainty of Enlightenment thinking, and even of religious belief.